Natural variability of Southern Ocean convection as a driver of observed climate trends

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Natural variability of Southern Ocean convection as a driver of observed climate trends

Natural variability of Southern Ocean convection as a driver of observed climate trends, Published online: 03 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0350-3

Sea-ice expansion around Antarctica, and related surface cooling, is shown to be linked to natural long-term variability of Southern Ocean convection. Model simulations reproduce the observed trends, if they start from an active phase of convection.